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If you need help, actively select whom you will ask instead of waiting for a predator to sniff out vulnerability and give a false offer of assistance. Avoid obvious tips offs like going to the bank on Social Security check day, he illustrates. Don’t handle valuables, like money in public view.

Criminals have more experience attacking than you have countering, Miller explains. Use role-play to learn to recognize the patterns of common criminal approaches and practice breaking contact. Criminals are good at camouflage, so he encourages students to study their patterns. “Criminals are more used to dealing with you than you are used to dealing with criminals,” he asserts, adding, “Criminals have been conning and tricking people their whole lives.” Study so you will recognize the patterns, since criminals use a nearly endless variety of approaches. Not all will lead with, “Do you know the time?”

The Logic of Violence shows how successfully thwarting violence is really about understanding the steps from the need to its fulfillment, instead of applying physical skills to all situations. Analyze defense methods against crime using Miller’s grid outlining what most criminals have as a goal, parameters like who makes a good victim, location, victim behaviors, how the criminal isolates the victim, psychological domination, and physical attacks.

These differ depending on what the predator needs and wants, especially between resource predators and process predators.

Studying patterns helps the intended victim apply an appropriate response, Miller urges. Without the tools to recognize what type of predation it is, you may make the wrong defensive response. For example, a resource predator asks for what they want while a process predator is more vague. Resource predation is a business deal, because the robber wants your wallet, so “do the deal” to avoid injury, he illustrates. Psychological domination remains more common than physical attack. By recognizing the tactic, you can reserve physical combat for personal survival, not to protect mere property.

You can’t tell a victim not to be the victim, Miller concludes, but anyone can recognize factors that increase vulnerability. Most self-defense discussions teach the physical skills when, indeed, the highest gains in personal safety come from recognizing the predator’s needs and priorities, what puts the victim on their radar and their hunting grounds, Miller emphasizes. Fighting always has a price; The Logic of Violence teaches how to avoid it.

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